Investment Casting And Centrifugal Casting

investment casting and centrifugal casting

The two most widely used techniques for creating metal parts with complicated forms and high precision are centrifugal casting and investment casting. Both casting techniques are employed in a variety of industries, including aerospace, medicine, automotive, and jewelry, and each has its own advantages and limitations. For choosing the best solution for a specific application, it is essential to understand the differences between different casting techniques. To assist you in making an informed selection regarding the technique to choose for your upcoming project, we will examine the features, benefits, and drawbacks of centrifugal casting vs investment casting in this post.

Centrifugal Casting

Centrifugal casting is a casting technique that makes use of centrifugal force to create homogeneous, high-quality cylindrical pieces. This procedure involves pouring molten metal into a rotating mold that revolves around a central axis. The molten metal is driven towards the mold walls by the centrifugal force produced by the rotating mold, where it solidifies. The formed portion is expelled from the mold as it keeps spinning. In fields including aerospace, marine, and automotive, centrifugal casting is frequently employed to produce parts with intricate forms and thin walls.

Centrifugal Casting Types

Centrifugal casting comes in two primary variations:

  • Horizontal Centrifugal Casting
  • Vertical Centrifugal Casting

Both are discussed below-

  • Horizontal Centrifugal Casting

The mold rotates about a horizontal axis in horizontal centrifugal casting. Typically, cylindrical items like pipes, tubes, and rings are produced using this kind of centrifugal casting.

  • Casting Vertical Centrifugally

Mold rotation about a vertical axis occurs during vertical centrifugal casting. Impellers, gears, and sculptures are just a few examples of the more complicated designs that may be produced using this kind of centrifugal casting.

Advantages of Centrifugal Casting Over Investment Casting

The metalworking industry uses two common casting techniques: centrifugal casting and investment casting. Although each approach has its own benefits, centrifugal casting provides a number of advantages over investment casting. Several benefits of centrifugal casting over investment casting are listed below:

» Component Strength: Due to directional solidification, centrifugal casting creates components with stronger mechanical qualities, a more uniform grain structure, and greater resistance to stress and fatigue.

» Design Flexibility: It offers design flexibility by producing complicated shapes with uniform thickness and decreased porosity, which makes it the best choice for components with elaborate designs and thin walls.

» Material options: Steel, iron, bronze, and aluminum are just a few of the metals and alloys that can be used in centrifugal casting.

» Surface finish: Centrifugal casting can create components with a smooth surface finish, eliminating the need for further machining or finishing.

» Weight reduction: Centrifugal casting is perfect for applications that call for lightweight and robust parts since it can create parts with thin walls and reduced weight.

» Short production runs: Centrifugal casting reduces production costs overall by being cost-effective for small production runs.

Investment Casting

Investment casting, commonly referred to as lost-wax casting, is a manufacturing technique used to produce complicated metal parts with high levels of precision. Making the part-to-be-produced as a wax pattern, coating it with ceramic, and melting the wax to create a hollow ceramic shell are the steps involved. The shell is filled with molten metal, which fills the space and assumes the form of the original pattern. The ceramic shell is peeled away after cooling and solidification to reveal the completed metal portion. Due to its capacity to make complicated parts with little need for post-processing, investment casting is frequently employed in the creation of jewellery, medical equipment, and aircraft components, among other industries.

Advantages of Investment Casting Over Centrifugal Casting

Centrifugal casting has its merits, but investment casting has certain special advantages over centrifugal casting as well. Several benefits of investment casting versus centrifugal casting are listed below:

» Precision tolerances: Investment casting can produce products with more accurate dimensional measurements and better surface finishes.

» Component size: Centrifugal casting can only generate smaller cylindrical shapes while investment casting can make larger pieces up to 90 kg.

» Complexity: Investment casting is able to create parts with intricate shapes and detailed characteristics.

» Tooling: Compared to centrifugal casting, investment casting requires less tooling, which can drastically lower the original investment and production costs.

» Process time: Investment casting takes less time to complete than centrifugal casting because the mould can be used more than once.

» Wide range of part design: Several different part designs are possible using investment casting, including those with undercuts and internal cavities.

Difference between Investment Casting and Centrifugal Casting

Here’s a table summarizing the differences between centrifugal casting and investment casting:

Feature Centrifugal Casting Investment Casting
Part Size Best suited for large cylindrical parts Best suited for smaller, more complex parts
Surface Finish Parts typically have a rougher surface finish Parts typically have a higher-quality surface finish
Tolerance Less precise tolerances Can produce parts with tight tolerances
Material Options Limited to materials that can be centrifugally cast Wide range of materials can be used
Cost Less expensive for large production runs More cost-effective for small production runs
Tooling Requires less tooling Requires more expensive tooling
Time Faster process Longer process

Note that these are generalizations and there may be exceptions or variations depending on the specific requirements of the part being produced.

Applications of Investment and Centrifugal Casting

here’s a table summarizing some common applications for centrifugal casting and investment casting:

Industry Centrifugal Casting Investment Casting
Aerospace Engine components, fuel nozzles, rocket motor cases Complex engine parts, aircraft interiors
Medical Prosthetics, dental implants, surgical tools Complex medical device parts, implants
Automotive Cylinder liners, gears, brake rotors Turbocharger impellers, exhaust manifolds, engine components
Jewelry Rings, bracelets, pendants Intricate and detailed pieces
Industrial Pipe fittings, valves, pump housings Industrial machine parts, custom gears
Marine Propellers, impellers, boat parts Marine engine parts, boat fittings


Choosing the right casting method is critical for producing high-quality metal parts. While centrifugal casting and investment casting offer unique benefits and drawbacks, understanding their differences can help you choose the best method for your specific needs. Whether you need precise tolerances, complex designs, or reduced production costs, the choice of casting method can make all the difference. By weighing the advantages and disadvantages of each method and considering your design requirements, material properties, and production volume, you can make an informed decision that results in high-quality, cost-effective parts that meet your exact specifications. Choose the right method and watch your designs come to life with precision and ease.

FAQ Section

  1. Which casting method is better, centrifugal casting or investment casting?

    The better method depends on specific needs. Centrifugal casting is ideal for cylindrical parts with complex shapes and thin walls, while investment casting is better for complex designs with precise tolerances and reduced production costs.

  2. Can the same material be used for both centrifugal casting and investment casting?

    Yes, the same materials can be used for both methods. However, the specific material properties and characteristics may influence the choice of casting method.

  3. Which casting method is better, centrifugal casting or investment casting?

    The answer to this question depends on your specific needs and requirements. Centrifugal casting is ideal for producing cylindrical parts with thin walls and complex shapes, while investment casting can produce more complex part designs with precise tolerances and reduced production costs.

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